Naming months of the year
The names of the months in English (as well as in many other languages) are originated by Latin words. Many of the months are dedicated to gods, but some have other meanings.
Januarius – this month was dedicated to Janus, the Roman god of doors.
Februarius – Februa was the Roman purification festival, which took place at this time of year.
Martius – from Mars, the Roman god of war.
Aprilis – from aperire, Latin for open, because plants begin to open during this month.
Maius – probably comes from Maia, the Roman goddess of growth and increase.
Junius – either from a Roman family name Junius, which means young, or perhaps after the goddess Juno.
Julius- after Julius Caesar. This month was named in Caesar’s honour by Mark Antony in 44 BC. Previously this month was called Quintilis from the word quintus, five, as it was the fifth month in the Roman calendar.
Augustus – named in 8 BC in honour of Emperor Augustus.
September – from septem, seven, because it was the seventh month in the Roman calendar.
October – from octo, eight (as in octopus, which has eight legs), the eighth month in the Roman calendar.
November – trom novem, nine, the ninth month in the Roman calendar.
December – from decem, ten, the tenth month in the Roman calendar.