This well is the oldest wooden structure discovered so far
A group of archaeologists in the Czech Republic has discovered a 7000-year-old well in Eastern Europe. They believe that this is the oldest known wooden structure in the world.
The well which is square-shaped was built using Oak. The structure was built around 5256 BC by the farmers. The researchers determined this after analyzing the tree rings in the wood. This scientific method is known as dendrochronology. The determined age makes it the oldest dendrochronologically dated wooden structure in the world.
“The well was only preserved because it had been underwater for centuries. Now we cannot let it dry out, or the well would be destroyed,” Karol Bayer of the University of Pardubice’s Department of Restoration said in a press release.
The researchers use sugar to dry the wood and preserve it by strengthening the cellular structure.
“It is interesting that the corner posts were made of previously felled trunks, namely from the trunk which had been cut in the autumn or winter 5259 B.C. or the winter of early 5258 B.C.,” said Michal Rybníček of the Department of Wood Science at Mendel University.
The well was discovered during the construction of the D35 motorway in the Czech Republic last year. The dimensions are 56 inches in height 32 x 32 inches square base. The findings are published in the Journal of Archaeological Science.
The discovery is important because previously the researchers did not know that Neolithic people had this kind of technical skill.
“The design consists of grooved corner posts with inserted planks. This type of construction reveals advanced technical know-how and, till now, is the only known type from this region and time period,” the authors wrote.
Assuming that these people had only tools made of stone, bone, horn or wood, its wonderful how the fallen tree trunks were crafted with such highest precision.
“The shape of the individual structural elements and tool marks preserved on their surface confirm sophisticated carpentry skills,” the authors wrote.
In the past four years, 3 wells including this were discovered in the Czech Republic with a connection to the Neolithic period.
Source -CNN & Journal of Archaeological Science
Image source – New Scientist