Author: Sri Kanth

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Beauty comes from the inside – It’s time to slow down signs of aging and truly glow from within!

The connection between nutrition on skin aging has been an interesting research field from ancient times to nowadays. Skin aging consists of two didactically independent, clinically and biologically, distinct processes.

  1. The first is intrinsic skin aging, which represents chronological aging and affects skin in the same pattern it affects all internal organs.
  2. The second is extrinsic skin aging, which we view as aged skin and is the result of external factors and environmental influence, mainly chronic sun exposure and ultraviolet (UV) irradiation but also smoking, pollution, sleep deprivation and poor nutrition.

Prevention is the most effective way to work against extrinsic skin aging effects. The best prevention strategy against the harmful action of free radicals is a well-regulated lifestyle with low stress conditions and a balanced nutritional diet, including anti-oxidative rich food. antioxidants such as carotenoids, tocophenols and flavonoids, as well as vitamins (A, C, D and E), essential omega-3-fatty acids, some proteins and lactobacilli are capable to improve skin health and beauty.

Antioxidant may,

  • Enhance oxygenation of the skin
  • neutralize harmful free radicals, helping to keep fine lines and wrinkles away.
  • good for collagen production
  • have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties
  • help protect skin from sun damage, pollution, and environmental toxins.
  • help your body shed dead skin cells, leaving you with glowing, vibrant skin.
  • Help to produce collagen, improve strength and elasticity of the skin.
  • promote strong, shiny hair,
  • give skin a beautiful glow by preserving its natural oil barrier
  • help to protect against skin cancers.
  • promote skin cell turnover, and ultimately contribute to soft, youthful-looking skin.
  • reduce levels of inflammation in our system.

The most of foods rich in antioxidants are come from fruits, vegetables and green leafy vegetable groups. The more colors you can fit on your plate is the better. Here are the top ten anti aging foods which are antioxidant dense.

BY: Dt. Mayumi Gunathilake (GLOBAL NUTRITION & ACTIVE LIVING)

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NASA doing the impossible – repairs a non serviceable instrument outside ISS

On 25 th (Day before yesterday) , the astronauts aboard the International Space Station completed a 6 hour spacewalk to repair an instrument which was previously considered unserviceable. Astronauts Andrew Morgan from NASA and Luca Parmitano from European Space Agency were involved in this task to repair the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS).

The AMS was installed back in 2011 for a cost of $2 billion. But the instrument was designed to last only 3 years. This was to be shut down after its lifetime of 3 years. So it was not designed to be serviced by anyone. But because of it’s proven value researching dark matter, NASA decided to attempt repairing it.

Since this instrument was not intended to undergo standard services , the procedure was different than the standard service or repair procedures. This required training astronauts on entirely new procedures. New tools which were different than ones used in standard spacewalks were introduced.

NASA has released a live recording of the entire 6 hours on YouTube. This video, which is a 7 hour video, can be viewed below.

Source : NASA
Image source : NASA

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Free Software Foundation demands that Windows 7 should be made open source

The Free Software Foundation has launched a petition demanding that Microsoft’s Windows 7 should be made open source.

On January 14th, Windows 7 reached its official “end-of-life,” bringing an end to its updates as well as its ten years of poisoning education, invading privacy, and threatening user security. The end of Windows 7’s life cycle gives Microsoft the perfect opportunity to undo past wrongs, and to up-cycle it instead.

 

 

We call on them to release it as free software, and give it to the community to study and improve. As there is already a precedent for releasing some core Windows utilities as free software, Microsoft has nothing to lose by liberating a version of their operating system that they themselves say has “reached its end.”

Says the petition.

It may seem like Microsoft has thrown away Windows 7 , so there’s no issue making it open source. But in fact Microsoft’s side of the story seems to be different. Windows 7 is in an End of Life status which means that the users won’t get free updates and security patches anymore. Not any kind of support is provided. It may seem like Microsoft has nothing to lose by making Windows 7 open source, but the real story is different.

First of all some organizations still can get paid extended support and updates for windows 7 till 2023. German government will be paying $886000 for a year of extended support for 33000 machines that run Windows 7 on their government agencies. Ireland health services agreed to pay $1.2 million for their 46000 pcs running Windows 7, for this year and they are likely to pay for 2021 also. But this is not the worst case it seems.

The worst scenario is that Microsoft’s currently used operating system Windows 10 is built on Windows 7. So by releasing the source code of Windows 7 , the source code of Windows 10 is also exposed for a significant level. So Microsoft is unlikely to release the source code of Windows 7 into GitHub or any other repository sooner.

However if you wish to sign the petition or check its status follow the below link.

https://www.fsf.org/windows/upcycle-windows-7

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NASA Kepler telescope detects a vampire star system

The Kepler telescope is designed to detect exoplanets by observing stars. When a planet passes in front of a star the light from the star gets dimmed because of the obstruction caused by the planet. This method can be used to detect astronomical objects other than the exoplanets too. Objects which brighten or dim can be studied to identify astronomical objects which pass the stars. A new search in Kepler’s archived data has revealed an unusual brightening of a dwarf nova. It brightened 1600 times in less than a day and slowly faded back.

Scientists say that the star system may consist of a white dwarf star and a brown dwarf companion about one tenth the mass of white dwarf.

A white dwarf, also called a degenerate dwarf, is a stellar core remnant composed mostly of electron-degenerate matter. A white dwarf is very dense: its mass is comparable to that of the Sun, while its volume is comparable to that of Earth. (Source: Wikipedia)

A brown dwarf is a type of sub-stellar object occupying the mass range between the heaviest gas giant planets and the lightest stars, having a mass between approximately 13 and 75–80 times that of Jupiter or approximately 2.5×1028 kg to about 1.5×1029 kg. Below this range are the sub-brown dwarfs (sometimes referred to as rogue planets), and above it are the lightest red dwarfs. Brown dwarfs may be fully convective, with no layers or chemical differentiation by depth.Unlike the stars in the main sequence, brown dwarfs are not massive enough to sustain nuclear fusion of ordinary hydrogen (1H) to helium in their cores. (Source: Wikipedia)

The brown dwarf orbits the white dwarf every 83 minutes and the distance between stars is about 250000 miles. That distance is nearly the distance between earth and moon. The white dwarfs strong gravity pulls material from brown dwarf like a vampire sucking blood from its victim. The material stripped from the brown dwarf forms a disk around the white dwarf.

It was a very rare chance that Kepler was pointed in the right direction when the system had a super outburst more than 1000 times brighter. Kepler’s rapid observations take data every 30 minutes. This data was very important to catch the details of this outburst.

The data was hidden in Kepler’s data archive until it was identified by Ryan Ridden Harper and his team of the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScl), Baltimore, Maryland and the Australian National University in Canberra, Australia.”In a sense, we discovered this system accidentally. We weren’t specifically looking for a super-outburst. We were looking for any sort of transient,” said Ridden-Harper.

Kepler recorded the entire event observing a slow rise in brightness followed by a rapid intensification. The sudden brightness can be explained by theories. But the cause of the slow start remains a mystery. Standard physics theories do not explain this phenomenon. This phenomenon has been observed in two other dwarf nova outbursts also.

“These dwarf nova systems have been studied for decades, so spotting something new is pretty tricky,” said Ridden-Harper. “We see accretion disks all over—from newly forming stars to supermassive black holes—so it’s important to understand them.”

Some theories suggest that a super outburst is triggered when the accretion disk reaches a tipping point. As it gathers material, it grows in size until the outer edge experiences gravitational resonance with the orbiting brown dwarf. As a result, the disk might get super heated due to the thermal instability triggered. Observations show that the temperatures rise from 5000 Fahrenheit to 10000 Fahrenheit in its normal state and 17000 to 21000 Fahrenheit at the peak state of the super outburst.

These types of dwarf nova systems are very rare. Only about 100 are known yet. The time between outbursts may be years or decades. So it’s a challenge to observe one.

“The detection of this object raises hopes for detecting even more rare events hidden in Kepler data,” said co-author Armin Rest of STScI.

Team expect to continue analyzing data of Kepler and data from another exoplanet hunter, Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission to search if there were such undetected incidents.

“The continuous observations by Kepler/K2, and now TESS, of these dynamic stellar systems allows us to study the earliest hours of the outburst, a time domain that is nearly impossible to reach from ground-based observatories,” said Peter Garnavich of the University of Notre Dame in Indiana.

The work was published on 21st October 2019 in the Royal Astronomical Society.

Source : Royal Astronomical Society

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Mars Curiosity Rover is frozen due to a software glitch

NASA’s Curiosity Mars rover is frozen due to a system failure. This is due to a software fault which leaves the rover unaware of its position and attitude. The rover stores data such as the local landscape, the location of its robotic arm , nearby obstacles, slope of the ground and the directions its instruments are pointing in its memory chips. It’s this data which enables the rover to move on mars safely with awareness of its location on Mars. It is through this data that the rover moves on Mars without bumping into obstacles it faces so it won’t get damaged.

Because of the distance between Mars and Earth the earth crew can not directly control the rover realtime. The instructions sent from here takes some time to get executed in the rover. This means the rover has to have some intelligence level to control itself and to avoid damage while moving. This is where the information stored in its memories is important. If it has a problem with this memory it freezes as a safe mode to avoid damage to itself.

NASA said that something went wrong during the past few days of operation and the rover has lost the above said data. So the rover went into safe mode and froze.

However the communications with the earth are unaffected and are still performing well. So NASA plans to send the rover instructions about its current position and other required data as soon as possible to keep the rover running on Mars again. These set of instructions will revive the rover back again when the transmission is received by the rover on Mars.

NASA also hopes to find out what caused the rover to lose data and freeze, so the same fault will not occur again.

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A creature which self generates it’s food requirement through photosynthesis

Elysia chlorotica is a sea slug which is about 5 cm long. It’s a marine gastropod. It’s habitat is the shallow waters of the east coast of North america. This slug looks like a green leaf. When the sun shines it spreads out as if it’s sunbathing. The creature feeds on filamentous algae such as Vaucheria littorea. During digestion the photosynthetic cells from the algae only destroy partially. Their chloroplasts remain as it is and allow Elysia to feed itself from the products of photosynthesis. Scientists call this scenario Chloroplastic symbiosis or kleptoplasty. This is also known as Chloroplast robbery. Chlorophyll a pigment which is in chloroplasts capture light during photosynthesis. It’s this pigment that gives the slug its green color. These creatures have a highly branched digestive system. When the chlorophyll is present in this system it makes the creature look like a green leaf. Several related species of the same family have these abilities and behavior.

Usually many marine species retain chlorophyll cells absorbed from their food, mostly the algae. The creatures integrate them into their digestive system and use them for their own benefit. Normally after a short period, this has to be renewed by taking more food intake.

But in the case of Elysia Chlorotica, things are a bit different. It has acquired chloroplasts during its development (transforming from larval to adult). Chloroplasts then remain functional throughout the entire life of this creature. So Elysia Chlorotica only feeds on algae at the beginning of its life. Afterwards it exclusively generates energy for itself through photosynthesis. However it’s controversial if chloroplast is essential to the life of this creature.

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Anatomy of the sacoglossan mollusc Elysia chlorotica.(A) Sea slug consuming its obligate algal food Vaucheria litorea. Small, punctate green circles are the plastids located within the extensive digestive diverticula of the animal. (B) A defined tubule of the digestive diverticula extending into the parapodial region of the animal (arrow). The digestive system consists of densely packed tubules that branch throughout the animal's body. Each tubule is made up of a layer of single cells containing animal organelles and numerous algal plastids. This cell layer surrounds the lumen. (C) Magnified image of the epidermis of E. chlorotica showing densely packed plastids. The animals are light grey in color without their resident plastids, which contribute chlorophyll to render the sea slugs bright green.
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Tesla Acquires Maxwell

Super car manufacturer Tesla has acquired the battery maker Maxwell Technologies for over 200 million.

It seems Tesla and Maxwell had discussions for years about the opportunities between the two companies. However Tesla has been serious about the deal since 2018.

Earlier this week Tesla announced its final offer for Maxwell and the deal is now completed.

Tesla announced in a press release : “Tesla, Inc. (NASDAQ: TSLA) today announced the successful completion of its previously announced offer to exchange all outstanding shares of common stock of Maxwell Technologies, Inc. (“Maxwell”) for 0.0193 of a share of Tesla common stock, together with cash in lieu of any fractional shares of Tesla common stock, without interest and less any applicable withholding taxes.”

Maxwell has recently been discussing a dry electrode technology for batteries. This technology seems to have great potential in improving the performance of Li – Ion batteries. It’s this reason that motivated Tesla for the acquisition.

Rather than being involved in the battery manufacturing business, Tesla seems to have other intentions. They plan to integrate dry electrode technology into current Li-Ion batteries of Tesla vehicles. So the battery performance and efficiency of future Tesla vehicles will be improved from 15% to 50%.

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Running and Photography May Be the New Trend in Integrative Wellness

For nature lovers, running can be much more enjoyable (and challenging) when running on a mountain trail. The scenic views provided can take you to another level where you achieve nirvana and feel like you can do anything.

If you are a photographer, there is an added bonus as your workout time will also give you an opportunity to capture great shots. And more than that, it can provide a therapeutic balance that is good for the body, mind, and soul.

As an Integrative Wellness Coach and photography enthusiast, I have learned to incorporate my hobby into my morning mountain runs, a combination that is beneficial inside and out.

The Therapeutic Benefits of Photography

Just like any art form, photography can have several therapeutic benefits. It allows us to focus on what’s around us helping us to develop more mindful thinking techniques that can minimize stress.

Although photography involves capturing images of the world around us, photographers can get creative in the angles they use and what they choose to incorporate in their pictures. Therefore, it is a form of self-expression that can help a person gain a better understanding of themselves.

Photography also allows us to see everyday things in a different way. For instance, if you photograph something as simple as a rose or a tree, you can use angles and shadows to make it a work of art and give it a whole new meaning.

The Benefits of Running

Running can benefit physical health in many ways. It can help with weight management, it raises levels of good cholesterol, it can increase lung function and it can boost your immune system.

But did you know running can also have emotional benefits as well? Studies have shown that people that run have reduced symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Running can also benefit the brain by improving memory and focus and reducing the risk of cognitive degeneration that comes with age.

Another advantage of running, it can regulate circadian rhythms to heighten alertness during the day and produce a deeper, higher quality sleep at night.

Running, Photography and Integrative Wellness

After finding out about all the benefits running and photography have to offer, it is easy to see why a combination of the two packs a punch that is rejuvenating for the body and soul. When used in conjunction, they can be essential tools in integrative wellness.

What is integrative life coaching and how is it different from traditional life coaching? The difference is that the coaching fundamentals are combined with a diverse range of healing modalities in the areas of mental, emotional, physical, and spiritual wellness to make positive changes in all areas of life, not just one. I look for creative ways daily to increase production, focus, and awareness to make the changes I wish to implement in my life.

Adding photography and running to my routine is a lifestyle change that has improved my mood and physical fitness for a higher quality of life.

So what are you waiting for? Load up your camera, put on your running shoes and get ready to start on a new path to wellness today!

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Pennywort porridge – a spiritual herb

Centella asiatica, commonly known as Gotu Kola, Indian pennywort, Asiatic pennywort or Mandookparni, is a herbaceous, frost-tender perennial plant in the flowering plant family Apiaceae.It is native to the wetlands in Asia.It is used as a culinary vegetable and as a medicinal herb.

Centella grows in temperate and tropical swampy areas in many regions of the world .The stems are slender, creeping stolons, green to reddish-green in color, connecting plants to each other. It has long-stalked, green, rounded apices which have smooth texture with palmately netted veins. The leaves are borne on pericladial petioles, around 2 cm (0.79 in). The rootstock consists of rhizomes, growing vertically down. They are creamish in color and covered with root hairs.

Pennywort/Centella is an important medicinal herb, that is widely used in the orient and is becoming popular in the West. Triterpenoid, saponins, the primary constituents of Centella asiatica are manly believed to be responsible for its wide therapeutic actions and one of the most spiritual of all herbs in Ayurvedic medicine. It is an important rejuvenate herb helps to balancing nervous system, neurotransmission functions and reduce risk of diabetes microangiopathy. Apart from wound healing, the herb is recommended for the treatment of various skin conditions such as leprosy, lupus, varicose ulcers, eczema, psoriasis, diarrhea, fever, amenorrhea, diseases of the female genitourinary tract and for relieving anxiety and improving cognition.

There have been no reports documenting negative interactions between CA and medications to date. Since high doses of CA can cause sedation, it was warned that individuals should refrain from taking this herb with medications that promote sleep or reduce anxiety. Theoretically, CA was postulated to interfere with blood glucose levels and thus also possibly interfere with the existing hypoglycemic therapy and cholesterol lowering agents.

This herb can be prepared as a delicious porridge that is very famous breakfast herbal porridge in srilanka. Gotukola cooked with red rice and coconut milk and it improves flavor and palatability. Commonly this porridge taste with small piece of kithul jaggery which is rich in iron. Therefore, gotukola porridge is a nutrition dense balance meal for your breakfast.

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German circus uses holograms instead of real animals

A German circus is the first in the world to use holograms to relieve real animals. Animal activists are praising the circus because of this different method being used as a substitute for real animal

But how do you think the Circus Roncalli’s founder, Bernhard Paul got the idea? In 2018 there was the NFL Super Bowl half-time show which Justin Timberlake was seen singing alongside a hologram of the music legend “Prince”. Prince was in fact not alive at that time. He died 2 years back. After watching this show Bernhard was determined to implement this technique in his circus.

The circus now use 11 projectors to create 3d holograms. There’s a crew of 15 designers and software engineers to carry out the process. They feature holographic horses which stampede around the circus ring, elephants and even fishes.

Many animal rights activists appreciate the circuses work because they do not use any real animals. It’s no secret that most circuses treat animals inappropriately. Circus Roncalli says that their focus anyway was on clowns, acrobats and poetic acts so this transformation was nothing difficult.

Regulations on circuses are getting tougher day by day. Recently the government of UK banned circuses from using wild animals.

Image Source : MSN

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The humans who bit the snakes

You may have heard may stories of snakes biting humans. It’s a common thing that snakes bite people due to various situations such as stepping on a snake accidentally or when a snake feels threatens. Mostly these attacks happen as self defense. But have you heard of any occasions where humans bit the snake back as revenge? Today we present you few such incidents from the past years.

August 2012

Nepali man bites the cobra as revenge for attacking him.

A Nepali man who was bitten by a cobra bit the cobra back to death as a revenge. After being bitten by the cobra in the paddy field, 55-year-old Mohamed Salmo Miya chased the snake, caught it and bit it until its dead. The man however is alive. “I could have killed it with a stick but bit it with my teeth instead because I was angry,” says Miya.

The snake is dead and the man is alive.


2019 July

Indian man bites snake in revenge.

An Indian revenged on a snake that bit him by killing it. The killing method is however biting the snake in to pieces. The man is alive and the snake is dead.

The man was enjoying an alcoholic beverage at his home in Uttar Pradesh India. At this time a snake slithered inside and bit him.

“A snake bit him. So as a return he bit and chewed it in to pieces”. Said his father Babu Ram.

The mans family took him to the hospital with the chewed pieces of the snake. For a doctor a patient with a snake bite is a common scenario but a patient who bit a snake in to pieces? That’s something unusual and bizarre. According to the doctors at the hospital it was a weird experience.

The snake was identified as a rat snake which is usually non venomous.

“My son was drunk … he bit the snake and crunched it into pieces,” Mr Ram, his father told Indian media.


2019 July

60 year old man bites a snake which attacked him.

A 60 year old man from Gujarat’s Mahisagar died in a snake bite. But not before biting the snake back in revenge and killing it.The incident happened at the Ajanwa village in Santrampur tehsil.

“Parvat Gala Baria was standing near a spot where maize was being loaded from a field onto a truck. A snake slithered out and while others there ran away, he continued to stand claiming he had caught snakes earlier,” the village head said.

He was taken to a hospital in Lunawada town and later transferred to a bigger facility in Godhra. But at the end of the day he died because of the venom from the snake bite. The man is dead and the snake is dead.


 

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Solar road in France is a failure

It’s called the Wattaway. A 1 km long road which is covered in 2800 solar panels. It’s located in Normandy village of Tourouvre-au-Perche in the north part of the country. Despite early hopes that the project could contribute to a greener environment, the 5 million $ project has become a failure.

Colas the civil engineering firm that built it ensured that the road is durable enough to withstand large trucks. But even the large farm tractors has become a great challenge. The roads protective layer of silicon is breaking up.

Another issue is that the road failed to generate the amount of electricity it was intended to produce. Initially the reports show that the intended amount of electricity generated is 150000 KWh a year. But the actual generated amount is 80000 KWh.  Normandy does not have an all year sunny climate. Even when it’s sunny leaves and passing vehicles block the sunlight. And the worst thing is that the solar panels are laid flat on the road rather than pointing the sun.

Additionally the road makes a very nasty noise when the vehicles are passing by. Some villagers even complained about these high noise levels. This prompted the officials to impose a speed limit to provide villagers some peace and quiet.

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Scientists create living machine-animal hybrid

Constructed by the biological material taken from Xenopus laevis frog, these machines are dubbed as “Xenobots”. No one has ever invented such creation before. Machine-animal hybrid is a new life form on earth.

The researchers who created these biological machines are determined to program them using computers, to swim through the oceans removing toxic microplasts or to travel through the human body to transport medication in to internal organs where they are needed. Although they are machines they are capable of regenerating and self repairing, because they are alive. They are able to replicate themselves when needed.

“These are novel living machines,” said Dr Joshua Bongard, a computer scientist and robotics expert at the University of Vermont, who co-led the new research.

“They’re neither a traditional robot nor a known species of animal. It’s a new class of artifact: a living, programmable organism.”

The scientists first used the Green supercomputer cluster at the University of Vermont to create algorithms to assemble some virtual skin and heart cells to perform certain tasks. Afterwards based on those blue prints a team of biologists from Tufts University, Massachusetts assembled the real cells (taken from the frogs) to create the bots.

They gathered stem cells extracted from the embryos of African frogs. This was done by observing through a microscope by using tiny equipment and tools. The formations of the cells are totally new to this world. They have never been observed before in nature.

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Xenopus laevis frog

The skin cells formed the body and the heart muscle cells were repurposed to move the cells forward through its contractions. So the robots can move on their own.  

The cells were able to move in water environments for days using energy from their embryonic energy stores.

“We can imagine many useful applications of these living robots that other machines can’t do like searching out nasty compounds or radioactive contamination, gathering microplastic in the oceans, traveling in arteries to scrape out plaque,” said co-leader Dr Michael Levin who directs the Center for Regenerative and Developmental Biology at Tufts.

“You look at the cells we’ve been building our xenobots with, and, genomically, they’re frogs. It’s 100 per cent frog DNA–but these are not frogs. Then you ask, well, what else are these cells capable of building?”

“We’ve shown, these frog cells can be coaxed to make interesting living forms that are completely different from what their default anatomy would be.”

The researchers also highlighted that unlike the regular machines that needs constant maintenance, these living bots looks after themselves. Once their life is over they fall apart without any harm to the environment.

Apparently the researchers tested the robots by slicing them nearly half , but the robots stitched themselves back and kept going on. That’s something not possible with typical machines.

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Favorite Colors and World Views

Have you ever thought about the meaning of colors beyond the surge of emotions they arouse in us? Have you wondered how your favorite colors and your world views can be correlated?

Well, I have, and I have come across some interesting conclusions. I have conducted a survey on a sample of approximately 60 people of different backgrounds and interests and asked them about their favorite color, being primary or secondary, and their world views, whether conservative or liberal. The results were that 45% of the people who favored a more conservative view on life had a primary color as their favorite, and 12% of conservatives preferred a mixed (secondary color). On the flip side, 33% of those with a more liberal attitude towards life chose a secondary or tertiary color, and 10% went with a primary color.

The primary colors, red, yellow, and blue, are the basic bricks to forming mixed colors, and the word primary suggests a sense of tradition, initial state, and origin. The people whose favorite colors are red, yellow, or blue are mostly conservatives who oppose change and hold traditional values and views on life. An explanation of this correlation is that red is a primary color, a base, and origin, that resists change unless mixed with another color. There lies the correlation: conservative people are like a primary color because they cling to the original social conventions and reject the change. In fact, when you look up synonyms of the word conservative in its political sense, you will find the term “true blue” referring to movements that have rejected and still reject social reform. Also, red was connected to the church and monarchy in Europe before the French revolution, which was conservative in a political sense, because red symbolizes Christ’s blood. In the United States, according to Starkey (2007), the color red is associated with the conservative Republican Party, and the term “red state” refers to the states which are predominantly conservative (Living Blue in the Red States). So, it is not surprising that most people who favor primary colors are conservative.

On the other hand, secondary colors are formed by mixing primary colors, that is, by breaking the boundaries of the conventional colors RYB and bringing new colors and shades to the table. This idea goes in line with the meaning of “liberal” which has a sense of more freedom, flexibility, and acceptance of the change. Liberal people’s choice of favorite color comes as no surprise since they are more lenient and open to new ideas. They reject the norms and conventions. They also believe in sharing and fair distribution of wealth, unlike conservatives who are in favor of autonomous and private ownership, again red, yellow, blue. This idea is linked to how secondary colors are formed by mixing individual discrete elements and sharing their traits to create a new element, or in this case color like purple. In her article, Zillman (2018), argues why the color purple is widely associated with the feminist movement which calls for social change and the abolition of patriarchal conventions and states that purple is the color of justice (Why You Should Wear Purple on International Women’s Day). The secondary color pink is used by the liberal parties in Denmark, such as the Danish Social Liberal Party. Also, according to Wikipedia, the pink flag is used to support the LGBT community. This dates to the fact that in Nazi Germany, homosexual people were marked by pink triangles. People who prefer secondary colors, most liberals, for instance, are pro-choice when it comes to issues like abortion, unlike a conservative who would be prolife in this case.

Colors are more than just a sensation or a perception caused by light reflections; they are a tool for understanding the human psyche and its processes like attitude and decision making. Therefore, the next time you ask someone what their favorite color is, you might get more information than just his/her favorite shade or pigment.

By: Katerina Sidorenko
Source: http://ksimprints.com/favorite-colors-and-world-views/

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Oscar Nominees 2020

The 92nd Academy Awards will be held earlier on February 9, 2020 at the Dolby Theaters in Hollywood. The nominations were announced on January 13, 2020 at the Academy’s Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, by actors and producers John Cho and Issa Rae.

The “Joker” movie leads with the highest number of 11 nominations.

Full List of nominations

Best Picture

“Ford v Ferrari”
“The Irishman”
“Jojo Rabbit”
“Joker”
“Little Women”
“Marriage Story”
“1917”
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood”
Parasite

Lead Actor

Antonio Banderas, “Pain and Glory”
Leonardo DiCaprio, “Once Upon a Time in Hollywood”
Adam Driver, “Marriage Story”
Joaquin Phoenix, “Joker”
Jonathan Pryce, “The Two Popes”

Lead Actress

Cynthia Erivo, “Harriet”
Scarlett Johansson, “Marriage Story”
Saoirse Ronan, “Little Women”
Charlize Theron, “Bombshell”
Renee Zellweger, “Judy”

Supporting Actor

Tom Hanks, “A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood”
Anthony Hopkins, “The Two Popes”
Al Pacino, “The Irishman”
Joe Pesci, “The Irishman”
Brad Pitt, “Once Upon a Time in Hollywood”

Supporting Actress

Kathy Bates, “Richard Jewell”
Laura Dern, “Marriage Story”
Scarlett Johansson, “Jojo Rabbit”
Florence Pugh, “Little Women”
Margot Robbie, “Bombshell”

Director

Martin Scorsese, “The Irishman”
Todd Phillips, “Joker”
Sam Mendes, “1917”
Quentin Tarantino, “Once Upon a Time in Hollywood”
Bong Joon Ho, “Parasite

Animated Feature

“How to Train Your Dragon: The Hidden World,” Dean DeBlois
“I Lost My Body,” Jeremy Clapin
“Klaus,” Sergio Pablos
“Missing Link,” Chris Butler
“Toy Story 4,”  Josh Cooley

Animated Short

“Dcera,” Daria Kashcheeva
“Hair Love,” Matthew A. Cherry
“Kitbull,” Rosana Sullivan
“Memorable,” Bruno Collet
“Sister,” Siqi Song

Adapted Screenplay

“The Irishman,” Steven Zaillian
“Jojo Rabbit,” Taika Waititi
“Joker,” Todd Phillips, Scott Silver
“Little Women,” Greta Gerwig
“The Two Popes,” Anthony McCarten

Original Screenplay

“Knives Out,” Rian Johnson
“Marriage Story,” Noah Baumbach
“1917,” Sam Mendes and Krysty Wilson-Cairns
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood,” Quentin Tarantino
Parasite,” Bong Joon-ho, Jin Won Han

Cinematography

“The Irishman,” Rodrigo Prieto
“Joker,” Lawrence Sher
“The Lighthouse,” Jarin Blaschke
“1917,” Roger Deakins
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood,” Robert Richardson

Best Documentary Feature

“American Factory,” Julia Rieichert, Steven Bognar
“The Cave,” Feras Fayyad
“The Edge of Democracy,” Petra Costa
“For Sama,” Waad Al-Kateab, Edward Watts
“Honeyland,” Tamara Kotevska, Ljubo Stefanov

Best Documentary Short Subject

“In the Absence,” Yi Seung-Jun and Gary Byung-Seok Kam
“Learning to Skateboard in a Warzone,” Carol Dysinger
“Life Overtakes Me,” Kristine Samuelson and John Haptas
“St. Louis Superman,” Smriti Mundhra and Sami Khan
“Walk Run Cha-Cha,” Laura Nix

Best Live Action Short Film

“Brotherhood,” Meryam Joobeur
“Nefta Football Club,” Yves Piat
“The Neighbors’ Window,” Marshall Curry
“Saria,” Bryan Buckley
“A Sister,” Delphine Girard

Sound Mixing

“Ad Astra”
“Ford v Ferrari”
“Joker”
“1917”
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood”

Best International Feature Film

“Corpus Christi,” Jan Komasa
“Honeyland,” Tamara Kotevska, Ljubo Stefanov
“Les Miserables,” Ladj Ly
“Pain and Glory,” Pedro Almodovar
Parasite,” Bong Joon Ho

Film Editing

“Ford v Ferrari,” Michael McCusker, Andrew Buckland
“The Irishman,” Thelma Schoonmaker
“Jojo Rabbit,” Tom Eagles
“Joker,” Jeff Groth
Parasite,” Jinmo Yang

Sound Editing

“Ford v Ferrari,” Don Sylvester
“Joker,” Alan Robert Murray
“1917,” Oliver Tarney, Rachel Tate
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood,” Wylie Stateman
“Star Wars: The Rise of SkyWalker,” Matthew Wood, David Acord

Production Design

“The Irishman,” Bob Shaw and Regina Graves
“Jojo Rabbit,” Ra Vincent and Nora Sopkova
“1917,” Dennis Gassner and Lee Sandales
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood,” Barbara Ling and Nancy Haigh
Parasite,” Lee Ha-Jun and Cho Won Woo, Han Ga Ram, and Cho Hee

Original Score

“Joker,” Hildur Guðnadóttir
“Little Women,” Alexandre Desplat
“Marriage Story,” Randy Newman
“1917,” Thomas Newman
“Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker,” John Williams

Original Song

“I Can’t Let You Throw Yourself Away,” “Toy Story 4”
“I’m Gonna Love Me Again,” “Rocketman”
“I’m Standing With You,” “Breakthrough”
“Into the Unknown,” “Frozen 2”
“Stand Up,” “Harriet”

Makeup and Hair

“Bombshell”
“Joker”
“Judy”
“Maleficent: Mistress of Evil”
“1917”

Costume Design

”The Irishman,” Sandy Powell, Christopher Peterson
“Jojo Rabbit,” Mayes C. Rubeo
“Joker,” Mark Bridges
“Little Women,” Jacqueline Durran
“Once Upon a Time in Hollywood,” Arianne Phillips

Visual Effects

“Avengers Endgame”
“The Irishman”
“1917”
“The Lion King”
“Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker”

bluesky

Why is the sky blue?

We all know that the sky is usually blue but have you ever wondered why the sky is Blue?

The sunlight reaching earth looks white but it consists of seven colors. We can clearly observe this when the light is sent through a prism.

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Light divided in to seven colors

Light travels as waves. Some colors in the light travel as long waves (wavelength) while some colors travel as short waves (wavelength). Out of all these colors , Blue color has the shortest wavelength.

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Whenever there’s an obstruction in the path of light, three things can happen. Reflect as in a mirror, Bend as in a prism or Scatter in molecules of the atmosphere. Out of these, Scattering is the reason for the sky to become blue in color.

When it comes to blue color it has the shortest wavelength. So it scatters more in the atmosphere than the other colors. So the sky looks blue. But why does the sky become lesser blue or white when it closes to the horizon or at lower levels? sunlight through lower skies pass through more air than sunlight which falls directly from above and the blue color is more scattered. This reduces the visible blue color.

When the sun gets lower in the sky, the light has to travel through more atmosphere to reach your eyes. So the blue color scatters more and the red and yellow colors get highlighted. This makes the sky look redder rather than the usual blue color.

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640px-Adult_Caenorhabditis_elegans

Scientists increased the lifespan of a creature 5 times usual

According to a study published in Journal Cell Reports, a group of scientists has been able to increase the lifespan of the Nematode worm called C. elegans. Normally these worms live only 3 weeks. The scientists alternated two cellular pathways to expand its lifespan 500% (5 times normal). If it was human this is equivalent to about 400  – 500 years. 

C. elegans are mostly used in research because they share a lot of similarities in genetics with humans and live for a very short period of time ( 3 weeks) . So it’s easy for the scientists to observe the species. They can observe how various factors such as genetics or environment affect lifespan.

The two pathways altered in this research are known as IIS ( Insulin signalling) and Tor (target of rapamycin). These are also common to humans.

Alternating the Tor pathway along increased the lifespan of C. Elegans 30%. Alternating the IIS pathway along led to an increment of 100% lifespan. But increasing the two of them simultaneously led to an increment of 500% in lifespan which is an unexpectedly high value.

“The synergistic extension is really wild,” Jarod Rollins of the MDI Biological Laboratory said in a recently published press release. “The effect isn’t one plus one equals two, it’s one plus one equals five.”

According to the authors, the study could help scientists to develop therapies to alter several cell pathways simultaneously to expand the lifespan of humans. Currently several drugs are being developed to serve the purpose.